types of crimes in ghana

[2] Citizens from other West African countries are subjected to forced labor in Ghana in agriculture or involuntary domestic servitude. When a 72-year old pensioner raped a 14-year-old girl at Kasoa. Over the past year, vigilante groups (politically affiliated gangs) have disrupted local elections, public meetings, and court proceedings, and staged protests at government facilities. Credit/debit card fraud and related scams are common. There are many different types of crimes but, generally, crimes can be divided into four major categories, personal crimes, property crimes, inchoate crimes, and Statutory Crimes: Excessive speeding, unpredictable driving behavior, and lack of adherence to basic safety standards for local vehicles are widespread. Ghana has become a significant trans-shipment point for illegal drugs, particularly cocaine from South America and heroin from Afghanistan. Murder, rape, and kidnapping are felony crimes. Do not leave luggage unattended. While domestic violence is a crime punishable by up to two years in prison and/or a fine, police rarely respond to reports of domestic violence. Excessive speeding, unpredictable driving behavior, and lack of adherence to basic safety standards for local vehicles are widespread. Avoid walking alone, especially after dark and in poorly illuminated or isolated areas; doing so may increase risk of criminal targeting. Information about crime in Ghana. Use defensive driving techniques, including maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid accidents. There have been burglary attempts against expatriate residences, but perpetrators generally lack the sophistication required to overcome home alarm systems and security guards. Skimming is the primary means of credit fraud and is undetectable until fraudulent charges appear on statements. Ghana crime rate & statistics for 2016 was 1.90, a 0% increase from 2015. Poor road conditions may cause delays, making travel times variable. 4. For more information, review OSAC’s report The Overseas Traveler’s Guide to ATM Skimmers & Fraud. , including following them to accommodations to rob them there. The most popular form of cybercrime in Ghana is cyberfraud and is typically achieved via credit card fraud. In some cases, robbers have intentionally caused minor accidents or pretended to be hit in order to get vehicles to stop. Please note that all OSAC products are for internal U.S. private sector security purposes only. Mode of trial. 88.8 Ranked 1st. However, terrorist groups are active in several parts of West Africa. For more information, review OSAC’s report, Security in Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights. to ensure the medication is legal. In order to … criminals target travelers in crowded areas. Power to break out of any house for purpose of liberation. Victims in Ghana have recently reported ransomware attacks, common throughout the world. maintained; however, side roads within major cities and many roads outside of urban areas are in poor condition. windows to steal belongings from vehicles stopped in traffic. 40. The Constitution of Ghana under Article 294 also provides for enforcement of constitutional rights that are protected by the Scheme. [8], In 2007 the Ghanaian government created the Domestic Violence Act in an attempt to reduce violence against women. Criminals may exploit unlocked car doors or. Ghana had a murder rate of 1.68 per 100,000 population in 2011. There are multiple variations of internet romance or friendship scams targeting Westerners through various dating and social networking websites. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Ghana are severe; convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. Victims of robbery should comply with perpetrator demands, as resistance may cause the situation to escalate to violence. There is evidence that ISIS elements are recruiting in Ghana, and likely have aspirational intentions to conduct an attack. Consular officers can help victims of crime understand the local criminal justice process and provide a list of local attorneys, if needed. 222 times more than Ghana Violent crime > Murder rate: 3,646 Ranked 30th. Criminals frequently carry weapons; the most prevalent are locally manufactured pistols, rifles, and shotguns. Embassy staff can provide a list of local doctors, contact family members or friends and explain how funds may be transferred. This isn't something new or extraordinary. 37. Would you like to continue with this session or log out? The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. Ghana Crime Stats. Ghana Table of Contents. Ghana Criminal Code and Courts. For more information, refer to OSAC’s report, Traveling with Medications. Perpetrators of business fraud often target foreigners, including U.S. citizens. Cybercrime in Ghana Cybercrime in Ghana takes various forms. If another car hits yours, or you suspect someone is following you, drive to the nearest police station and report the incident. There are other felonies depends on the circumstances and states. Armed robbers have targeted travelers leaving the airport. Piracy and armed robbery in the Gulf of Guinea present ongoing challenges for regional maritime security. Reliable sources estimate that there are 1.2 million unregistered guns in Ghana. The unit receives the fingerprints and crime details of suspects and convicted criminals (on CID Forms 6 and 8) from the various police stations for classification and preparation of criminal records. Trafficking has also fueled increasing domestic drug consumption. For more information, review OSAC’s Report, Medical facilities are limited, particularly outside Accra. The American Citizen Services (ACS) Unit cannot recommend a particular individual. Over the past year, unknown terrorist groups have conducted a string of attacks throughout neighboring Burkina Faso. In addition, bringing them back to the, Ghana has become a significant trans-shipment point for illegal drugs, particularly cocaine from South America and heroin from Afghanistan. Review OSAC’s Ghana-specific page for original analytic reports, consular alerts, and contact information, some of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC password. Car theft topped the five most reported crimes to the police, according to a 2009 report on Crime Victimization Survey in Ghana by the Ghana Statistical Service. Before coming to Ghana, consult with your physician regarding malaria prophylaxis and obtaining vaccinations. to ensure they receive pertinent security updates and notices. Use of force for defence of property or possession overcoming obstruction of legal right. If traveling with prescription medication, check with the Government of Ghana to ensure the medication is legal. Use of force for preserving order on board a vessel. While domestic violence is a crime punishable by up to two years in prison and/or a fine, police rarely respond to reports of domestic violence. The current U.S. Department of State Travel Advisory at the date of this report’s publication assesses Ghana at Level 1, indicating travelers should exercise normal precautions. Internet crime is on the increase in Ghana as the youth are engaged in it ( Boateng et al., 2010;Magele, 2005;Oduro-Frimpong, 2014). May 29, 2018 Posted by: Felicity Annan; Category: CID, General Announcements, News; No Comments . for original analytic reports, consular alerts, and contact information, some of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC password. [2], Women and girls from China, Nigeria, Côte d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso have been subjected to forced prostitution after arriving in Ghana. There are literally a dozen ways in which a cybercrime can be perpretrated, and you need to know what they are. Air ambulance service (recommended for severe injuries or illnesses best treated in the United States) is available from AEA International at 800-752-4195. 39. Drivers must possess an international driver’s license (available from AAA and the American Automobile Touring Alliance). Ghanaian law explicitly prohibits discrimination against persons with physical, sensory, intellectual, and mental disabilities in employment, health care, air travel and other transportation, and other domains. There have been several deaths of U.S. citizens resulting from the use of narcotics procured locally. Criminals may exploit unlocked car doors or open windows to steal belongings from vehicles stopped in traffic. Scam artists use fake social media profiles, steal photos and identities from other social media accounts, and swindle victims out of thousands of dollars. Medical facilities are limited, particularly outside Accra. Street crime is a serious problem throughout the country, and is especially acute in Accra and other large cities. For medical assistance, refer to the Embassy’s Medical Assistance page. If a visitor is involved in a traffic accident while in Accra and cannot reach settlement at the scene, report the accident immediately to the traffic police, who will respond and conduct an investigation. Ghana has numerous chieftaincy disputes every year that generally involve competition over limited resources. Exercise increased caution in parts of the Brong Ahafo, Northern, and Upper East Regions due to civil unrest. In addition to its law enforcement responsibilities, the Unit can refer victims to medical providers and counselors, as well as to community support services. Crime Statistics for the first quarter of 2018. Territorial jurisdiction of the courts in Ghana (Criminal jurisdiction) (S. 56 of the Courts Act 1993, (Act 459)) Bail (S. 96-103 of Act 30) Police enquiry bail Maintain sufficient distance between your vehicle and the one ahead while stopped in traffic to enable evasive action and to avoid being in a situation where criminals box you in. There is evidence that ISIS elements are recruiting in Ghana, and likely have aspirational intentions to conduct an attack. Take necessary precautions, including vetting IT staff, preventing unauthorized access to servers, installing a virtual private network (VPN), controlling administrator passwords, and updating software and anti-virus programs. Increase caution when traveling to the Brong Ahafo, Northern, Upper East Regions. Functions of the Unit The government does not systematically or overtly discriminate against persons with disabilities, but such persons may experience societal discrimination. There is a visible police presence in Accra. The State Department is committed to assisting U.S. citizens who become victims of crime while abroad. Use of force for prevention of, or defence against, crime, etc. Ensure that identification documents, wallets, and portable electronics are secure. Ghana had a murder rate of 1.68 per 100,000 population in 2011. Avoid walking alone, especially after dark and in poorly illuminated or isolated areas; doing so may increase risk of criminal targeting. The law provides persons with disabilities access to public buildings “as far as is practical.” However, most buildings, transportation, and educational facilities do not provide for people with special needs. Victims in Ghana have recently reported ransomware attacks, common throughout the world. If traveling with prescription medication, check with the. The American Citizen Services (ACS) Unit cannot recommend a particular individual, business, or location and assumes no responsibility for the quality of service provided. If you receive business offers or charity requests, particularly unsolicited ones, carefully check out the requesting entity before committing any funds, providing any goods or services, or undertaking any travel. Most frequently, criminals target travelers in crowded areas. Trafficking has also fueled increasing domestic drug consumption. Over the past year, unknown terrorist groups have conducted a string of attacks throughout neighboring Burkina Faso. Check with local authorities before venturing off main roads into outlying areas. Police often lack the equipment, resources, training, and personnel to respond to calls for assistance or other emergencies. and armed robbers target motorists using ruses to extort money, In some cases, robbers have intentionally caused. However, recent decreases in universal credit card usage has seen the expansion of other cybercrimes such as blackmail and hacking. If you use a credit card anywhere in Ghana, monitor credit card activity closely. Public smoking is illegal in Ghana. Civil unrest due to chieftaincy disputes can occur at any time. Additional Resource: Ghana Country Information Sheet. Diarrheal illnesses, including typhoid fever and cholera, also remain a concern, as are sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV. All crimes that lead to the Death penalty and Juvenile cases get representation. In recent years, U.S. citizens have reported substantial financial losses from questionable transactions allegedly involving the purchase of gold and other precious metals. Exercise increased caution in parts of the Brong Ahafo, Northern, and Upper East Regions due to civil unrest. though police often lack capacity to investigate and prosecute cases effectively. Property crimes involve the theft of property without bodily harm, such as … Only arriving passengers may enter the baggage claim area, and drivers or others greeting arriving passengers must wait in a cordoned area just outside the terminal main doors. There have been several deaths of U.S. citizens resulting from the use of narcotics procured locally. Take necessary precautions, including vetting IT staff, preventing unauthorized access to servers, installing a virtual private network (VPN), controlling administrator passwords, and updating software and anti-virus programs. . ), violent crimes (being mugged or robbed, being attacked or insulted), corruption and other crimes. Ghana has numerous chieftaincy disputes every year that generally involve competition over limited resources. is popular and generally safe; however, highway robberies are commonplace on rural roads, especially near border areas. Cantonment, Ghana Home news. U.S. citizens traveling to Ghana should register with the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to ensure they receive pertinent security updates and notices. Rape is punishable by 5-25 years in prison, though police often lack capacity to investigate and prosecute cases effectively. The U.S. Government has limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens in these areas, as U.S. government employees may not travel at night outside of major cities. Foreign nationals should carry identification and documentation of their immigration status. Interested private-sector security managers should contact OSAC’s, Business hours: Monday-Thursday, 0730-1700; Friday, U.S. citizens traveling to Ghana should register with the. give similar information or registration/permit data to the other driver and to the police upon request. 39. remain aware of the potential for episodes of unrest. The newly constructed Terminal 3 at Kotoka International Airport (ACC) has greatly improved arrivals and departures from Accra. The current U.S. Department of State Travel Advisory at the date of this report’s publication assesses Ghana at Level 1, indicating travelers should exercise normal precautions. Crime Statistics for the first quarter of 2018. If you fear for your safety, go to the nearest police station. The police have a poor record of investigating and solving serious crimes. The occurrences of illicit drugs use, robberies, rape, murders, moral crimes, money laundering, infiltration and use of illegal firearms, chieftaincy and land disputes are daily security issues in Ghana. Opportunistic crimes targeting motorists and passengers in vehicles are common. If you use a credit card anywhere in Ghana, monitor credit card activity closely. Yesterday, people across Cocoa Affair Court in Accra, the city of Ghana pleaded guilty to crimes they didn't commit. Some perpetrators may claim to have a U.S. visa; often these are fake, even when images are provided. The above list of felonies is by no means complete. Police routinely stop travelers at checkpoints, and may search vehicles and passengers. However, any type of fraud schemes operated by people in Ghana can be considered Ghana scams… and can lead to criminal prosecution in the United States if U.S. authorities are able to catch the perpetrators. The census data are derived mainly from the Ghana Statistical Service. Romance scams occur when an individual uses an online dating service or a social network to make a fake romantic connection. 5. There is minimal risk from political violence in Accra. Primary roads are generally paved and well maintained; however, side roads within major cities and many roads outside of urban areas are in poor condition. Car theft topped the five most reported crimes to the police, according to a 2009 report on Crime Victimization Survey in Ghana by the Ghana Statistical Service. Crimes Against Property. The use of illegal drugs procured in Ghana may have life-threatening consequences. Property crimes against foreigners remain a concern, especially residential burglaries and vehicle theft. The U.S. Embassy can provide a number of services to victims of crime. Check with local authorities before venturing off main roads into outlying areas. peaceful, and there has been little serious or widespread civil unrest in the past few years. U.S. citizens frequently consult the U.S. Embassy regarding questionable business offers originating or claiming to originate from Ghana. Local drivers do not abide by the rules of the road, and police enforce traffic laws unevenly, even in major cities. Over the past year, vigilante groups (politically affiliated gangs) have disrupted local elections, public meetings, and court proceedings, and staged protests at government facilities. Violent crime is on the rise, including armed robberies in expatriate residential areas. Opportunistic crimes targeting motorists and passengers in vehicles are common. For more information, refer to OSAC’s report, For medical assistance, refer to the Embassy’s, ambulance service (recommended for severe injuries or illnesses best treated in the, malaria, yellow fever, and dengue) are a significant problem; prevention of bites and proper yellow fever immunization are important, Diarrheal illnesses, including typhoid fever and cholera, also remain a concern, as are sexually transmitted diseases, The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for, The Country Council in Accra is active, meeting every other month. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Ghana are severe; convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. Carjacking occurs sporadically; on average fewer than 10 incidents occur each month nationwide, half of which happen in the Greater Accra Region. Felonies are the most serious classification of crimes, punishable by incarceration of more than a year in prison and in some cases, life in prison without parole or capital punishment. Taxi drivers have a reputation for taking newly arrived passengers on circuitous routes and charging excessive fares. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has an office in the Embassy and works closely with the Narcotics Control Board, which coordinates government counter-narcotics efforts. For additional information on scams, see the Department of State's publication on. Use of force for preserving order on board a vessel. The Embassy has received reports of fraudulent charities soliciting contributions via the internet or direct mail. The Embassy of the United States warns that romance scams are an especially common type of scam operated by people in Ghana or claiming to live in Ghana. Emergency services are limited or nonexistent in many parts of the country in case of vehicular accident or breakdown. While there was some sporadic election-related violence, particularly between grassroots supporters of the two major parties, Ghanaian politics generally takes place in a peaceful context. There is serious risk from crime in Accra. Robbers may wait outside houses to ambush residents as they enter or exit the property. (For the complete list, see the attached document. Carry adequate supplies of any needed prescription medicines, along with copies of prescriptions, the generic name of the drugs, and a supply of preferred over-the-counter medications. 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